Why April 23rd is the International Day of the Book?
April 23 is established as the International Day of the Book, this commemorates the death of two of the greatest writers of the world literature: Miguel de Cervantes and William Shakespeare, in 1616. However, while Shakespeare and Cervantes died on the same date, they did not on the same day.
In 1582, Pope Gregory decided to leave the Julian calendar and adopt the Gregorian calendar, but only France, Italy and Spain embraced the change. England continued using it until 1752. Therefore, Shakespeare's death on 23 April 1616 (Julian) was equivalent to 3 May 1616 (Gregorian). Miguel de Cervantes died on April 22, but was buried on the 23.
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
Miguel de Cervantes was a soldier, novelist, poet and dramatist. His influence on the Spanish language has been so great that the language is often called "the language of Cervantes". He is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language. His major work, Don Quixote, is considered the first modern novel, besides being the most translated and published book in history, apart from the bible. He has also been dubbed "The Prince of Wits".
Cervantes died in Madrid at the age of 68 years, in the Casa de Cervantes, in the neighbourhood of the Muses. His wish was to be buried in the neighbouring Convent of the Barefoot Trinitarians, as when he was taken prisoner in Algiers, the congregation of the Trinidadians collected funds and helped him and his brother Rodrigo.
The current monastery was built in different phases. At the time Cervantes was buried there, the convent had a small chapel, but later a bigger church was built on the same site and the people who were buried there were moved to this new temple. Cervantes's body was also transferred but the exact place is still unknown.
William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor. He is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language. He is often called England's national poet, and the "Bard of Avon". His existing works consist of approximately 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses. His plays have been translated into every major living language.
Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616. He was married to Anne Hathaway until his death and was survived by two daughters. However, his grandchildren did not have descendants, so there is currently no living descendant of the writer.
Shakespeare's remains were buried at the Holy Trinity Church, in Stratford. Shakespeare's funerary monument was erected in his memory on the north wall, with a half-effigy of him in the act of writing. Each year, in commemoration of his birth, a new quill is placed in his hand.
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La consejera Roqué cuenta en esta charla detalles de su formación, los inicios en la traducción profesional, la vinculación con el Colegio y su vida más allá de la pantalla de la computadora. Asegura que «esta profesión está más que lejos de desaparecer, es cada día más fructífera, y seguimos descubriendo campos nuevos a los cuales dedicarnos».
Puede ver la nota en la revista del CTPCBA, edición N° 126, página 4. Click on the link below.